Gavin Andresen

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Gavin Andresen
Gavin Andresen at 2014 Web Summit.jpg
Gavin Andresen on the centre stage during Day 3 of the 2014 Web Summit
ResidenceAmherst, Massachusetts, USA
Other namesGavin Bell
Alma materPrinceton University
Known forBitcoin, software
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science

Gavin Andresen (born Gavin Bell[1]) is a software developer best known for his involvement with bitcoin. He is based in Amherst, Massachusetts.

Originally a developer of 3D graphics and virtual reality software, he became involved in developing products for the bitcoin market in 2010, and was declared by Satoshi Nakamoto as the lead developer of the reference implementation for bitcoin client software after Satoshi Nakamoto had announced his departure[citation needed]. In 2012 he founded the Bitcoin Foundation to support and nurture the development of the bitcoin currency, and by 2014 left his software development role to concentrate on his work with the Foundation.


Andresen graduated from Princeton University in 1988.[1] He began his career working on 3D graphics software at Silicon Graphics Computer Systems. In 1996, he co-authored the VRML 2.0 specification,[2] and later published a reference manual for VRML 2.0.[3]

Since leaving Silicon Valley in 1996, Andresen has tackled a wide variety of software-related ventures, including CTO of an early voice-over-the-Internet startup and co-founder of a company that made multiplayer online games for blind people and their sighted friends.


Prior to 2014 Andresen was the lead developer for a part of the bitcoin digital currency project, working to create a secure, stable "cash for the Internet." Andresen discovered bitcoin in 2010, quickly recognising the brilliance of its design. Soon after he created a website named The Bitcoin Faucet which gave away bitcoin.[1] In April 2011, Forbes quoted Andresen as saying, "Bitcoin is designed to bring us back to a decentralized currency of the people," and "this is like better gold than gold."[4] After joining the developers contributing to Bitcoin along with Satoshi Nakamoto, he went on to become lead developer of the client software for the bitcoin network which is now known as Bitcoin Core.[1]

Andresen also created ClearCoin, an escrow-type of service, which was closed on about June 23, 2011. After several years working on the software, Andresen left the role of lead developer of bitcoin to work on the strategic development of its technology. He conceived of the Bitcoin Foundation which became reality in 2012.

In November 2016 Andresen stated that the Australian programmer and entrepreneur Craig Wright was the real Satoshi Nakamoto, but later expressed regret getting involved in the “'who was Satoshi' game."[5]

As of June 2017, he has not contributed to Bitcoin Core since February 2016. His commit access on GitHub was revoked in May 2016.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Simonite, Tom (15 August 2014). "The Man Who Really Built Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  2. ^ "VRML 2.0".
  3. ^ "The Annotated VRML 2.0 Reference Manual".
  4. ^ "Crypto Currency". Forbes. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
  5. ^ "Satoshi". 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  6. ^ Peter Todd [@petertoddbtc] (2 May 2016). "FYI, @gavinandresen's commit access just got removed - Core team members are concerned that he may have been hacked" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

External links[edit]